Description. In science-based medicine, the plant is used as a means of increasing appetite and improving digestion. The bitter substances contained in dandelion roots irritate the taste buds and increase the secretion of gastric juice. The roots are rich in the polysaccharide inulin, which acts as a natural prebiotic. Triterpene compounds, sterols, fatty oil, which includes glycerides of palmitic, oleic, linoleic, lemon balm and cerotinic acids, were found in the roots. The plant contains nicotinic acid. Dandelion root has antispasmodic properties and acts as a laxative. When studying dandelion, scientists discovered its high anti-tuberculosis activity, as well as antiviral, fungicidal, anthelmintic, anticarcinogenic and antidiabetic properties. Dandelion also contains such elements as vitamin A, vitamins B1 and B2; vitamins E, K and PP; vitamin C.
Use. Root infusion is useful for treating such conditions as cholelithiasis, gastritis with low acidity, and chronic constipation. As a choleretic agent, a decoction of dandelion roots is prescribed for cholecystitis, cholangitis, and hepatitis. Dandelion roots are recommended for patients with diabetes in the form of a decoction as a means of improving metabolism. Externally, the infusion is applied to the areas affected by various skin diseases and conditions, including acne, boils and drug-induced dermatitis. Traditional healers use dandelion root as an expectorant (to treat diseases of the respiratory system), and as a sedative and hypnotic medicine to deal with disorders of the nervous system. The infusion of the root also helps with hemorrhoids. Dandelion root cleanses the blood and significantly improves the functioning of the vascular system; has a bactericidal effect and helps the body fight inflammation and viruses; has a diaphoretic, diuretic and antipyretic effect; promotes the outflow of bile; has an antispasmodic and analgesic effect; acts as a natural sedative; replenishes the lack of vitamins in the body; strengthens the cardiac system and has an anti-sclerotic effect.