This remedy provides a list of ingredients of herbal medicinal sources which have for a long time been known for the traditional treatment of respiratory diseases and whose previous results have been extrapolated to apply in the current framework of COVID-19 adjuvant treatment.
The highlighted natural remedies are based on the WHO and EMA recommendations while others are considered because of their extensive modern day application against respiratory conditions. The preclinical and clinical data on the efficacy and safety of the natural remedies were also extensively researched and ascertained from credible sources.
What’s an Oxymel?
Derived from an ancient Greek word oymeli that loosely translates to acid and honey, an oxymel is a term used to denote a herbal extraction of vinegar and raw honey. While it has been known that raw apple cider vinegar brings about a host of health benefits, oxymel combines these crucial health benefits of apple cider vinegar with the benefits of honey to bring about an ingestible extract for greater health benefits.
Full spectrum hemp extract: Hemp extract is derived from the hemp plant. Research quoted above shows that the manner in which antibodies attach to the spike proteins hemp extracts can also bind to it and stop it from entering the human body cells.
Cetraria: Scientifically referred to as Cetraria islandica, Iceland moss is a fruticose lichen with an straight thallus that is usually attached in one placed. In mainly grows in the alpine regions of the Northern Hemisphere and along the lava slopes and plains of Iceland. Iceland moss is stronglt antibiotic and expectorant. It soothes irritated tissues, particularly the mucous membranes and as a result, it is often used in cough medications for oral ingestion. It significantly reduces dry cough and helps in case of a sore throat in addition to showing beneficial results in cases involving tuberculosis and bronchitis. Since these are the ascertained mild symptoms of the novel corona virus, the ingestion of this supplement can help fight against the symptoms associated with the virus.
Propolis: : This is a resin like substance that is made by bees from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees. Bees use it to make hives. Research show that propolis are essential in the fight against bacteria, viruses and fungi in addition to being anti-inflammatory effects. Propolis and its extracts are also evidenced to have immunomodulatory properties, a key highlight of their potential to fight corona virus.
Calendula: Calendula officinalis (C. officinalis) is one of the most frequently used medicinal plants among Iranian people which is native to the Mediterranean regions. Commonly known as pot marigold, Candula officinalis is an annual herb that belongs to the family Asteraceae. Calendula can be extensively used as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and cicatrizing in addition to being a light antibacterial and antiviral agent.
Virtual molecular docking studies show that the bioactive compounds from Calendula officinals have a higher binding affinity towards COVID-19 main protease. These compounds, particularly calendoflaside and rutin, due to their potential to form stable complexes with the COVID-19 protease, they can have a potential to be developed as anti-COVID-19 main protease drug to help in the fight against the novel coronavirus.
Echinacea: Extracts prepared with Echinacea species (Asteraceae) have an important role with the immune system due to their alkylamide interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. Echinacea sp. may be useful in the relief of respiratory symptoms by exerting a soothing effect on the respiratory tract. Overall, a relatively large number of clinical studies and a series of meta-analyses provide evidence that Echinacea preparations seem to be efficacious both in the treatment (reducing symptoms and duration) and prevention of the common cold. The clinical evidence may be considered High except for E. pallida. Although in the COVID-19 context, caution needs to be taken in order to avoid immunostimulation in complications in later phases of the disease, this herbal medicine safety can be rated as Medium
Goldenseal: This is an American herb, scientifically known as Hydrastis Canadensis L. Its name is derived from its yellow and brown roots. The rest of the plant is made up of small flowers, jagged 5-lobed leaves and a small berry. Native Americans are known to historically use the plant in the treatment of a number of health problems such as itchy eyes, mouth ulcers and tuberculosis.
Raw honey: Honey in its raw form has been proven to have effective antibacterial and antifungal properties. Through extensive research, it has been proven that raw honey can kill unwanted bacteria and fungus since it contains natural components such as hydrogen peroxide, which is a known antiseptic
- Antiviral properties: Evidence suggests clinical potential of the highlighted ingredients as adjuvants in the treatment of early/mild cases of common flue in healthy adults within the context of COVID-19.
- While these herbal medicines may not completely cure the flu, they both bolster a patient’s general well-being and provide a chance to personalize the therapeutic approaches that are known to be more effective.
- Inhibition: Some of the listed properties of these natural remedies involve the limiting of the development of corona virus proteins.
The general precaution for these suggested natural remedies is founded on the fact that most of the suggested health benefits are anecdotal or based on the traditional medicinal practices, and have not been sufficiently evaluated in a clinical setting. Majority of the natural remedies might only be safe to take on a short-term basis since more research is needed to ascertain their long term effects.